In guidance and counselling, the two words generally take on different meanings. Guidance refers to helping students’ whole-personal development, while Counselling frequently targets assisting students with problems.

Guidance and counselling help students discover and develop their educational, vocational, and psychological potentials to achieve an optimal level of personal happiness and social usefulness.

 It is an essential educational tool in shaping the orientation of a student from negative ideas that are being planted in the student by their peers, hence the need for the counsellor to assist the student in moulding their future through counselling therapy. The school counsellor is seen as a role model and highly respected by students. By training, they are expected to be friends with the students, listen to the student’s complaints, shortcomings, and proffer guidance to make realistic decisions, improve their abilities and skills, and adjust themselves to their environment healthily.

Educators recognize that students encounter personal, social, educational, and career challenges in addition to intellectual difficulties. Guidance and counselling programs help to address these challenges and to promote academic success.

Counselling students is one of the essential functions of the school guidance program. These skills are needed by school principals, teachers, as well as by professional counsellors. However, counselling of severe emotional problems is best handled by professional counsellors.

Guidance and counseling services play an integral part in a school. Guidance and counselling programs in schools aim to assist students in developing the ability to understand themselves, solve their problems, and make appropriate adjustments to their environment. Major guidance services include student appraisal, information giving, placement and follow-up, and counselling.

There are two methods of counselling which includes directive and non-directive approaches. Directive counselling focuses on identifying and analyzing the problem whilst finding a solution. Non-directive counselling, on the other hand, allows the student to analyze and understand the issue in a constructive way and finally take a positive step based on the new orientation.

In conclusion, guidance and counselling are geared toward preventing the student from indulging in harmful vices and helping the student choose the right parts in life to be successful in pursuing future ambition. The counsellor must build the confidence of the student to trust him/her to give the rightful information needed in order to help. This is so because students that trust counsellors typically open up with vital information to their counsellors.

 Counselling also help students in career choice to vying to their appropriate area that they are good at instead of following their peers in choosing a wrong career path. A student’s education needs constant mentoring; hence, guidance is paramount to their growth and development in our society today.